Scientific facts mentioned by the bible

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Firstly, great emphasis is given that the contents of this series are intended to give Biblical information and insights on some of its contents. They are not intended to scare or offend anyone. It is one’s prerogative to read and never be shoved into one’s throat.

This piece is a simple sharing of bible passages. It doesn’t endorse any specific faith, religion, denomination, system of beliefs or theology aside from those in the bible.

It is in the “exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference” as provided by The Philippine Constitution that this article was made.

If you find them scary, intimidating or offensive, please feel free to take them with a grain of salt and regard them like a badly written movie script.

This series would like to give proofs that don’t rely on bible contents to prove the book’s veracity and that it is not outdated. There are scientific facts mentioned in the bible way before they were proven to be such.

Before going to the scientific facts, the bible made clear what kind of book is it. It is intended for those who want eternal life. It is not a science or history book. Many tend to forget this.

You search the Scriptures, for in them you think you have eternal life; and these are they which testify of Me. But you are not willing to come to Me that you may have life.” John 5:39-40, New King James Version

So, this piece is not used as a scientific book. This piece is made to point out that the bible is truthfully giving accurate and true information, even in the scientific field.

The first case in this series is likely the “calling card” of the bible for this topic, it shows a claim that is undeniably true scientifically. It took years of scientific advancement for one truly appreciate the marvels that this verse describes.

Click to go straight to specific scientific fact mentioned in the bible:

1. Isaiah 40:22, the bible’s scientific calling card
2. Stars have different glories
3. It is hot inside the earth
4. Noah’s Ark can float
5. The bible mentions water cycle
6. The earth completes a 24-hour rotation on its axis and completes a 365-day revolution around the sun that is stationary
7. The earth is not supported by anything except the invisible gravitational pull of the sun
8. Heavenly bodies have an end

Isaiah 40:22: the earth is a circle, its inhabitants are likened to grasshoppers, and a “tent” envelops and makes it habitable when viewed from above

This particular verse in the book of Isaiah is one of the most accurate biblical scientific pictures described at a time way before science discovered and proved them to be an absolutely true.

The bible claims laid down by this verse were then considered “laughable”, silly theories at the time they were made. People today are the ones laughing at those who said such things before.

It is He who sits above the circle of the earth, And its inhabitants are like grasshoppers, Who stretches out the heavens like a curtain, And spreads them out like a tent to dwell in.” Isaiah 40:22 ESV

This verse hits several birds with one stone.

The prophet Isaiah painted a picture of God looking at earth from above and what He would see. That picture was proven to 100% accurate in three aspects.

1. The Bible said the earth is circular, or a circle, when viewed from space.

Ferdinand Magellan’s voyage around the earth, powerful telescopes and satellite pictures now confirms Isaiah’s picture to be a hundred percent accurate.

2. The earth’s moving inhabitants, humans and animals, are likened to grasshoppers when viewed above. Accurate again. This is not hard to prove, just imagine viewing a flat, grassy land below full of grasshoppers atop a hill.

3. God spread “the heavens” like a net or tent around the earth so man will have a suitable home.

Even though the earth is technically not the center of the solar system, science discoveries will make one feel the structure or construction of this system is geared towards life preservation on this small planet.

Two things to consider here: (1) the earth’s atmosphere, and (2) outer space and the heavenly bodies.

Firstly, the atmosphere supports all life forms on earth. It essentially provides the air humans and animals breathe and plants use to manufacture their food in a wonderful cycle.

The atmosphere that blankets earth is a perfect blend for human, animal and plant life sustenance: 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen and 1% other gases including carbon dioxide.

Humans and animals start the cycle by undergoing respiration process where humans and animals convert oxygen into carbon dioxide. Plants then complete the cycle through the photo-synthesis process where plants use sunlight convert carbon dioxide in the air into oxygen.

Consider this scientific fact: In normal situations, man can live for few weeks without food, few days without water, but only a few minutes without air.

Second, it supports proper combustion that is essential to life but harmful when uncontrolled.

Science established that fire is one of the basic needs for life survival.

If the oxygen level is increased, man will lose vegetation due to fires. This is so because even a small fire, which feeds off oxygen, would be difficult to put off, making it uncontrollable.

If the oxygen level is lowered, it would not be enough to start one.

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The other wonderful uses of this tent permanently etched around the earth are:

a. It offers protection from ultra violet rays which have various harmful without the ozone layer, including causing skin cancer, sunburn and damages to the immune system.

Only the simplest life forms can survive the new conditions if this layer is to be removed.

b. It regulates the earth’s temperature to levels tolerable by earthly life forms. It traps heat from being released into outer space. This is known as the greenhouse effect.

The average temperature on earth is around 14°C, with ranges from -25°C to 45°C where equatorial regions tend to remain consistently warm, and Antarctica and Greenland remain consistently cold.

In contrast, if the atmosphere is removed, the earth would have temperatures that would quickly shift from hot to cold. NASA confirms temperatures on the moon’s lunar equator at daytime will reach a boiling 120°C while nighttime temperatures get to a chilly -130° C.

c. It serves as medium for completion of the water cycle and other weather patterns through precipitation

d. It Protects humans from falling meteorites and other space debris by burning it upon entry.

When the meteor hits the atmosphere, the air in front of it compresses incredibly quickly. When gas is compressed, its temperature rises.

This causes the meteor to heat up so much that it glows. The air burns the meteor until there is little or nothing left. Temperatures upon entry can reach as high as 1,650° C!

e. It makes voice communication possible because sound waves travel through air.

f. It allows humans and animals to cover distances faster through air travel.

g. It allows modern technology to advance by hosting satellite orbits.

Lastly, consider the marvel of heavenly bodies working in unison for comfortable life on earth.

The sun, through its heat and light, is one of the basic necessities for life to survive on earth.

NASA says, the Earth would be a lifeless ball of ice-coated rock without the sun’s heat and light. The Sun warms the seas, stirs the atmosphere, generates weather patterns, and gives energy to the growing green plants that provide the food and oxygen.

The other planets and heavenly bodies are conniving in order for each and every one of them to follow a certain path or orbit for the completion of a wonderful pattern and avoid collision that will lead to chaos. It’s a wonder how the earth is not crashing into the sun despite its being a bigger body with greater gravitational pull.

Science confirms that a slight misalignment of the earth from its normal orbit would cause a substantial shift in temperatures, making it burn or freeze and ensuring impossibility of life on earth.

Not to mention the effect of this shift to the other planets and heavenly bodies in the solar system.

Here are other bible authors confirming God’s bird’s eye view perspective:

24for He views the ends of the earth and sees everything under the heavens. Job 24:28, NIV

13The Lord looks from heaven; He sees all the sons of men. 14From the place of His dwelling He looks On all the inhabitants of the earth; Psalms 33:P13-14, NKJV

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Stars have different glories

Photo credit: Hubble Space telescope (https://www.spacetelescope.org/images/heic0607a/)

There is one glory of the sun, another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars; for one star differs from another star in glory.1 Corinthians 15:41 , NKJV

To simplify the scientific understanding of this bible quotation, consider classifications of stars according to spectra and their temperature. There are seven main types of stars. In the Morgan–Keenan (MK) system, stars are classifed as O, B, A, F, G, K, and M, in order of decreasing temperature.

Just compare the sun with other kinds of stars to appreciate the differences of glory that the bible is speaking of.

The sun is classified as a G star.

Its surface temperature is about 5,778 K, (degrees Kelvin). That is about 5,505 °C.

Its radius is about 696,340 kilometers (km)

According to http://www.ifa.hawaii.edu.com, the earth receives light that is equivalent to 13 100-watt bulbs  + 1 70-watt bulb over a 1 meter x 1 meter area.

“O” stars have surface temperature over five times that of the sun, radius 15 times longer, 1.4 million times more luminous, and is 60 times.

Compared the sun, “B” stars have surface temperature 2-5 times hotter, radius that is 7 times longer, 20,000 times brighter, and 18 times denser.

“A” stars have surface temperature 1.5-2 times hotter than the sun, radius that is 2.5 times longer, 80 times brighter, and 3.2 times denser.

“F” stars have surface temperature 1-1.5 times hotter than the sun, radius that is 1.3 times longer, 6 times brighter, and 1.7 times denser.

“K” stars have surface temperature 15-40% colder than the sun, radius that is shorter by 10%, 60% dimmer, and density of 80%.

“M” stars have surface temperature that is at least 40% colder than the sun, radius that is shorter by 60%, has luminosity of only 4% of the sun, and density of 80%.

Even though Paul can clearly observe that there are stars brighter than others, the range of variations on surface temperatures, radius, brightness, and density clearly proves the scientific truthfulness of the verse written at a time when these measurements were not yet available.

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It is hot inside the earth

5As for the earth, from it comes bread, But underneath it is turned up as by fire; Job 28:5 NKJV. 5Food grows on the ground above. But underground it is different, as if everything were melted by fire. Job 28:5, Easy To Read version.

Here’s National Geographic’s description of the earth’s interior:

The Earth’s interior is composed of four layers, three solid and one liquid, not magma but molten metal, nearly as hot as the surface of the sun.

The deepest layer is a solid iron ball, about 1,500 miles (2,400 kilometers) in diameter. Although this inner core is white hot, the pressure is so high the iron cannot melt.

The iron isn’t pure—scientists believe it contains sulfur and nickel, plus smaller amounts of other elements. Estimates of its temperature vary, but it is probably somewhere between 9,000 and 13,000 degrees Fahrenheit (5,000 and 7,000 degrees Celsius).

Above the inner core is the outer core, a shell of liquid iron. This layer is cooler but still very hot, perhaps 7,200 to 9,000 degrees Fahrenheit (4,000 to 5,000 degrees Celsius). It too is composed mostly of iron, plus substantial amounts of sulfur and nickel. It creates the Earth’s magnetic field and is about 1,400 miles (2,300 kilometers) thick.

The next layer is the mantle. Many people think of this as lava, but it’s actually rock. The rock is so hot, however, that it flows under pressure, like road tar. This creates very slow-moving currents as hot rock rises from the depths and cooler rock descends.

The mantle is about 1,800 miles (2,900 kilometers) thick and appears to be divided into two layers: the upper mantle and the lower mantle. The boundary between the two lies about 465 miles (750 kilometers) beneath the Earth’s surface.

The next layer is the mantle. Many people think of this as lava, but it’s actually rock. The rock is so hot, however, that it flows under pressure, like road tar. This creates very slow-moving currents as hot rock rises from the depths and cooler rock descends.

The mantle is about 1,800 miles (2,900 kilometers) thick and appears to be divided into two layers: the upper mantle and the lower mantle. The boundary between the two lies about 465 miles (750 kilometers) beneath the Earth’s surface.

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Noah’s Ark can float

Photo from Pixabay

14Make yourself an ark of gopherwood; make rooms in the ark, and cover it inside and outside with pitch. 15And this is how you shall make it: The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits, its width fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits.  Genesis 6:14-15, NKJV

According to The Bible, God instructed Noah to build an ark which was 300 cubits long, 50 cubits wide, and 30 cubits high. The recommended main material for this life-saving boat is “gopher” wood.

By dimension, the ark’s length was six times its width and ten times its height.

This boat would have to carry pairs/groups of animals that cannot survive in water for the duration of the flood.

Another condition also being considered is the ark not intended to move through water like many modern ships today. It had only to float and preferably maintain a stationary position.

Would a boat of this dimension under the conditions it will undergo be able to withstand the stress of waves from the flood waters and float without being destroyed?

Here are two studies made that will conclude the will float and save the animals in it:

1. A study by physics students at the University of Leicester have found that the ark would have indeed been able to float with all of the animals on board.

This was reported by several news outfits including the Business Insider on April 3, 2014 with the author saying Noah’s Ark Would Have Floated With 70,000 Animals If Built By Dimensions In The Bible, and by the Smithsoniam Magazine on April 4, 2014 which stated that the dimension concept would definitely work.

2. A study published at the future science leaders website suggested that a straight angled ark would float in a laboratory setting.

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The water cycle

The bible mentioned about the water cycle at a time when this fact was probably not understood although it may have been observable.

As many would probably know, the water cycle shows how water evaporates from the surface of the earth, rises into the atmosphere, cools and condenses into rain or snow in clouds, and falls again to the surface as precipitation.

The water then travels on land through rivers and lakes, soil, and much of it flows back into the oceans, where it will once more evaporate.

Here’s some of the bible’s version of this sequences:

All the rivers run into the sea, Yet the sea is not full; To the place from which the rivers come, There they return again. (Ecclesiastes 1:7, NKJV)

And he said, “Thus says the Lord: ‘Make this valley full of ditches.’ For thus says the Lord: ‘You shall not see wind, nor shall you see rain; yet that valley shall be filled with water, so that you, your cattle, and your animals may drink.’ (2 Kings 3:16-17, NKJV)

“He who builds His layers in the sky, And has founded His strata in the earth; Who calls for the waters of the sea, And pours them out on the face of the earth – The Lord is His name. (Amos 9:6, NKJV)

“For He draws up drops of water, Which distill as rain from the mist, Which the clouds drop down And pour abundantly on man. (Job 36: 27-28, NKJV)

He causes the vapors to ascend from the ends of the earth; He makes lightning for the rain; He brings the wind out of His treasuries.  (Psalm 135:7, NKJV)

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The earth completes a 24-hour rotation on its axis and completes a 365-day revolution around the sun that is stationary

30“It will be just like this on the day the Son of Man is revealed. 34I tell you, on that night two people will be in one bed; one will be taken and the other left. 35Two women will be grinding grain together; one will be taken and the other left.” Luke 17: 30, 34-35, NIV

Putting aside the second coming aspect thought by these verses, many may not have noticed the situation insinuated in them: Jesus Christ painted a picture that some people are asleep during the night while others are performing daytime chores in a farm or field on the day he will be coming back.

This statement was made way, way before the discovery of the concept that our solar system involves an earth which rotates on its axis while simultaneously revolving around a stationary sun found at the center.

These bible verses make it clear that Jesus knew the earth completes a 24-hour rotation and half of the ball-shaped planet’s exposure to the sun creates the simultaneous occurrence of day and night times on its opposite sides.

It will take several more years for modern science to prove this fact.

It is also worth noting that since Luke wrote his gospel until today, the 24-hour axis rotation and 365 day circling of the earth around the sun is routinely happening precisely to the exact second.

The earth did neither drift away or towards the sun and did not get light from any source that is enough to make it the daytime we know except from the sun.

The invention of the calendar eventually confirmed these facts.

What is difficult to set aside is the fact that for Jesus to possess these knowledge during the time the bible was written, he must also knew then that there actually exists this one-of-a-kind heavenly bodies set-up in our solar system.

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Illustration by nasa.gov (link: https://www.nasa.gov/ames/press-release/nasa-selects-new-research-teams-to-further-solar-system-exploration-research)

The earth is not supported by anything except the invisible gravitational pull of the sun

He stretches out the north over empty space and hangs the earth on nothing. Job 26:7, NKJV

The picture illustration from NASA above speak for itself. All planets, including the earth, hangs free of physical support while orbiting the sun.

What is amazing about this bible claim is while people of this generation doesn’t have much arguement on this fact having been informed in elementary schools, this revolutionary idea was presented hundreds of years ago when this NASA picture was not even remotely imagined by the human mind!

This add demonstration to what kind of knowledge the authors of the bible have. Job must have lots of guts to write this because he knew it to be true. If this is debunked hundreds of years after it is written, all contents of the God inspired and preserved scriptures would now be highly dubious.

It turned out the scientific claims from the bible are now reinforced with modern discoveries and it might be worthwhile to give its contents serious considerations.

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Photo credit: Hubble Space telescope (https://www.spacetelescope.org/images/heic0607a/)

Heavenly bodies have an end

25Of old You laid the foundation of the earth, And the heavens are the work of Your hands. 26They will perish, but You will endure; Psalm 102: 25-26, NKJV

Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away. Matthew 24:35 and Luke 21:33, NKJV

Science indeed confirm this as an article by NASA confirms stars will eventually burn out.

According to NASA, a star’s life is a constant struggle against the force of gravity. Gravity constantly works to try and cause the star to collapse. The star’s core, however, is very hot which creates pressure within the gas. A star is okay as long as the star has equilibrium between gravity pulling the star inwards and pressure pushing the star outwards.

During most a star’s lifetime, the interior heat and radiation is provided by nuclear reactions in the star’s core.

When the star runs out of nuclear fuel, it comes to the end of its time on the main sequence. The nuclear reactions to produce internal heat will no longer generate sufficient heat to support the star against its own gravity and the star will collapse.

Earth’s sun, a star,  will spend about 10 billion years during the time when its interior heat and radiation is provided by nuclear reactions in the star’s core. However, a more massive star uses its fuel faster and may only be on the main sequence for millions of years.

Eventually the core of the star runs out of hydrogen. When that happens, the star can no longer hold up against gravity. Its inner layers start to collapse, which squishes the core, increasing the pressure and temperature in the core of the star. While the core collapses, the outer layers of material in the star to expand outward. The star expands to larger than it has ever been – a few hundred times bigger!

What happens next depends on how the mass of the star.

Medium-sized stars (up to about 7 times the mass of the Sun) will shed most of its mass, forming a cloud of material called a planetary nebula. The core of the star will cool and shrink, leaving behind a small, hot ball called a white dwarf. A white dwarf doesn’t collapse against gravity because of the pressure of electrons repelling each other in its core.

Massive stars, however, a more spectacular ending: exploding tremendously, called a supernova. About 75% of the mass of the star is ejected into space in the supernova. If the left-over core is about 1.4 to 5 times the mass of our Sun, it will collapse into a neutron star. If the core is larger, it will collapse into a black hole. (Source: NASA)

If the earth’s sun dies, life on Earth will likely be wiped out long before that happens. That’s because the sun is actually already growing brighter.

All the rocks and fossils and remains of the creatures that have lived here will be gobbled up by the sun’s growing orb, wiping out any lingering trace of humanity’s existence on Earth.

Not all scientists agree with this interpretation. Some suspect the sun will stop growing just before fully engulfing our planet. Other scientists have suggested schemes for moving Earth deeper into the solar system by slowly increasing its orbit. (Source: Discover Magazine)

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Master of the universe

The bible is clear on how all things started:

“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” Genesis 1:1.

These scientific facts contained in the bible just add more proofs to the credibility of this sweeping statement and the probability of its truthfulness.

Purpose of the bible

The bible made clear what kind of book is it. It is intended for those who want eternal life. It is not a science or history book. Many tend to forget this.

You search the Scriptures, for in them you think you have eternal life; and these are they which testify of Me. But you are not willing to come to Me that you may have life. John 5:39-40, New King James Version

It also made its theme clear. While there are many tales narrated by the bible, one thing remains clear from start to finish: God is engages in a war versus Satan and He is encouraging man to get on His side so he will have everlasting life. That’s what the bible is for:

…she [Eve] took of its fruit and ate. She also gave to her husband [Adam] with her, and he ate…  And the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” So the Lord God said to the serpent…I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her Seed…. Genesis 3: 6, 14-15, New King James Version

The LORD’s model prayer emphasized this aspect: 9“This, then, is how you should pray:…. 13And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. Matthew 6:9,13, New International Version

Conservative approach

The presence of spirits/spiritual realm and multiple scientific, medical, and logical reasons that supports the bible and its authors’ credibility project a possibility that God do exists. As such, being conservative might be the best alternative here.

Accountants describe conservatism as selecting the option that would show the worst possible financial standing of a business entity when two or more unproven alternatives are available. This is to remove the user of the account’s output be exposed to a bigger risk in case the worst possible scenario happens.

As it stands, the risk of not believing in and obeying God far outweighs the benefits of doubting his existence. It might be best to act conservatively, believe what the bible says, until it is absolutely proven that there is indeed no God nor hell.

By Armando M. Bolislis

If you are inspired and want to give Jesus a try, go on a deeper search of the bible, especially the New Testament. This will show you how to become his disciple. Always ask the Holy spirit for guidance in your search.

If you feel the want to belong to a Christian church or organization, find one that will help you improve your relationship with Christ and lead you to his eternal promises.

The opinions and suggestions contained in this article are solely of the author and doesn’t necessarily reflect the stance of Baguio Herald Express management and staff.

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